Thursday, October 22, 2015

Periodontal Disease & Prevention

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, approximately 64.7 Million American Adults have periodontitis which is the more advanced form of periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is higher in men than women:
  • Men 56.4%
  • Women 38.4% 

 Stages of periodontal disease:
  1. Plaque builds up around tooth, which causes gingivitis (also known as gum disease).
  2. Gingivitis - Gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. Early stages of gingivitis can be reversed with improved oral hygiene.
  3. Periodontal Pockets - Gums become infected and pull away from the teeth forming spaces called" pockets".
  4. Periodontitis - Irreversible. Causes gum recession, deeper pockets and bone loss. Eventually teeth will become lose and my need to be removed.
Below are some tips on how to prevent periodontal disease:
  •  Brush teeth two times a day.
  • Floss at least one daily.
  • Visit your dentist every six months for a regular routine exam and cleaning.
  • Avoid smoking and smokeless tobacco.
  • Eat a well balanced diet.
*The American Academy of Periodontology recommends that everyone should receive a comprehensive periodontal evaluation on an annual basis. 

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